Women journalists in the Maghreb
babelmed - 12/03/2007
How and to what extent women journalists are impacted by a rapidly changing media environment in the Maghreb region analyses a study conducted by the UNESCO Chair in Public and Community Communication in Rabat, Morocco, held by Jamal Eddine Naji, that UNESCO launched now on-line.
The study entitled “Profession: Journalisme maghrébin au feminin” analyses the status and the professional experiences of women journalists Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia.
The main objective of the study is to determine and reveal how and to what extent women journalists are impacted by a rapidly changing media environment in terms of their status and working conditions as women. The study sought to identify the various ways and visions through which women journalists perceive themselves in the media industry working along with their male colleagues. The study also evaluates and comments on some discriminatory situations which women encounter because of their gender.
The study became possible thanks to the cooperation of women journalists with long years of experience in the media (written and audiovisual) from the five Maghreb countries. The results of the study are based on feedback provided by 4 focus groups in Mauritania, 119 questionnaires from Moroccan women journalists, 19 questionnaires from Algerian women journalists, 15 questionnaires from Libyan women journalists and 116 questionnaires from Tunisian women journalists. Focus group also met in Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia.
The study explores the place and the working conditions of women journalists in the media industry as well as the question of the trade-union organizations. Furthermore information is provided about working conditions in the media, career advancement opportunities and professional rights. Training requirements and possibilities to improve skills in the industry are also explored.
The study’s conclusions and recommendations call for more international support from UNESCO in assisting Member States in the elaboration of policies which would allow to expand further the freedom of expression and media pluralism and to provide more capacity-building opportunities for women journalists in the media by offering more training opportunities. (12/03/2007)