For new generations in Beirut, Hijab is beautiful
babelmed - 24/02/2006
The veiled woman who entered the sweet shop with an unveiled friend seemed to be displaying her beauty more than she covered it up. She was gorgeous and she knew it; the hijab covering her hair framed her pale skin and black eyes and only added to her appeal.
Her hijab hid nothing and she seemed completely unruffled by the glances cast in her direction by the other customers. Not only was she unruffled by the attention, she seemed to invite it.
For some women the Islamic headscarf, or hijab, no longer functions exclusively as a symbol of modesty. Nowadays, veiled women in Beirut are no different to their fashion loving sisters elsewhere. The hijab does not dominate its wearer as once it did, condemning her to be nothing more than a shuffling piece of cloth.
Many veiled girls behave and dress like their unveiled contemporaries, wearing tight, fashionable clothes designed to show off their bodies like jeans. They ensure that the hijab’s colour matches the outfit, thus incorporating it into the overall look. The veiled girl is no longer the fashion outcast she once was, hiding under her veil and blanketing her body in suitably modest clothing.
They are changing the meaning of the Islamic veil. We see them on the Al-Rusha Corniche, in the streets, clothes shops and universities. Instead of hanging around in silent groups apart from the crowd, the veiled girl at the American University seem more free, open and light-hearted than their unveiled friends. For these girls, the veil is nothing but a surface detail. It has no profound impact on the way they live their lives.
Salwa is a Jordanian studying at AUB. Her clothes are nothing like her hijab, or rather, they are nothing like the clothes we are used to seeing on veiled girls. Salwa has devised a new way of wearing the veil: she covers her long hair with the fabric (we can tell her hair is long without having to see it) then ties it up at the back, leaving her neck and face uncovered.
The physical way Salwa plays with her male and female friends at the university is also somewhat unexpected. A young man hoists her onto his back and charges across the university campus until they collapse together onto the ground. She laughs, her teeth shining in the sun. She hides nothing of herself or her body.
Like many of the university’s students she speaks to her friends in American-accented English. Indeed, she’s practically a Westerner: her clothes are up-to-date and tight, bought from clothes shops designed to appeal to the Western fashions she reads about in magazines.
Many of these female students have boyfriends and roam around the campus openly holding hands. Some of these veiled girls can be found in the “love court” as the students call it, where lover go to exchange heated glances, passionate declarations and kisses. These girls, wearing rings in their noses and lips, make me ask myself what the purpose of the veil is, or why they wear it at all. Are these just regular young women who given the choice would prefer to wear modern fashions than traditional Islamic dress and hijabs? Is it pressure from society or their families that compels them to take he veil? Or are they believers in the importance of the hijab and their own beauty.
Answers to these questions are hard to come by, but what is certain is that these young students experience a freedom within the university campus that they lack outside it.
There is a TV show that plays on one of our satellite channels that runs a competition for female viewers. Viewers phone in to win a “cool” aba’a (gown) created by a fashion designer who specializes in fashionable Islamic clothing. This is a new phenomenon. A few years ago, religious clothing was a single, unchanging design. Nowadays, Islamic clothes are produced by different designers, the variety of colours and designs reflecting their individual tastes and styles.
Piety and pleasure now work together. In the streets and public squares veiled women have made the hijab a symbol not of regression and stasis but of freedom and modernity. Adherence to the stricter Islamic traditions that caused women to hide themselves and their bodies is weakening. The injunctions that caused the veiled oman to hide her beauty—keeping it for herself and her husband alone—are being swept away. The veiled girls who appear on posters and TV adverts are the same blue-eyed, pouting blondes we are used to seeing on jeans and chocolate adverts.
The shops that sell Islamic clothing to young women have changed the shape of the hijab and the way it is worn on the head. It keeps pace with fashion: highlighting the very beauty it is designed to conceal.
The veiled woman has been liberated from more restrictive traditions and the restrictions they impose on her beauty, without renouncing religion itself. Firas Zbib